What does the German national flower symbolize

hibiscus

The queen of the tropical flowers hibiscus - Hibiscus rosa-sinensis

Who doesn't know the lovely Hawaiian girl with the beautiful flower on her ear? This bloom is Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. It is called Chinese rose hibiscus in German. The name suggests its origin, which is believed to be in southern China and Vietnam. Today the hibiscus is probably the most common ornamental plant in tropical and subtropical gardens around the world. Even with us, he is an indispensable summer guest on the terrace.

We recognize its affiliation to the mallow family by the double calyx, the twisted petals in the bud position and the stamens that have grown together to form an elongated column that surround the stylus. The flowers open in the morning and usually wilt in the afternoon. But there is always a supply!
If we want to enjoy the hibiscus, we have to offer it a warm location with sufficient humidity that is not exposed to the blazing sun. It needs loamy, silicate-rich soil and a lot of water, but does not tolerate waterlogging. A pruning should be done in April. If kept bushy, it will stimulate new bloom and growth.
The magnificent shrub was introduced to Europe around 1730 and for 100 years it has been cultivated in particular in England, Florida and Hawaii, where the first hibiscus society was founded. The flowers in hybrids can reach a diameter of up to 25 cm! There are double-flowered forms, those with white, yellow, pink and orange flowers.
Bunga Raya is the sonorous name of the hibiscus in Malaysia. There it plays a special role, as it is the national flower! Each of its five petals symbolizes one of the five principles of Malaysian society: belief in God, loyalty to the king and the state, loyalty to the constitution, recognition of the law, and humanity and morality. In contrast, the use of the flowers as a black dye for coloring shoes or coloring the eyebrows does not look quite so heroic. Its roots, leaves and flowers are also used medicinally, e.g. against fever, also for eye and skin diseases ...