What should I study before applied physics

Dual studies in applied physics

How does the dual physics degree work?

The physics dual study program lasts three to four years, as the duration varies from university to university. So you study for six to eight semesters at a university and also practice in the company with your practice partner. In some cases, the dual study program also begins with a technical internship before going to university. You learn the theoretical content at the university. The lectures build on each other and the content becomes more and more complex as the degree progresses. While you will be taught the basics of physics and mathematics in the first semester, from the fourth semester onwards you will focus more intensively on a field of study of your choice.

Usually specialize you are already focusing on a field of physics by choosing a practice partner. For example, the area Biology, chemistry, geophysics or meteorology be. In the company you will get to know professional life and gain important practical experience. In this way you can better understand what role physics plays in the construction of cars or airplanes, for example. If you do not have a permanent internship, you will instead complete a practical semester in the form of a physics internship. But even in this case, you will decide on one of the disciplines during the course of your studies. By choosing your focus, you are laying the foundation for your future career, because you usually specialize in a certain area in your job - this can be, for example, aerospace, medical technology or IT.

How much mathematics is there in the physics dual study program?

Mathematics is one of the main disciplines in the physics dual study program and makes in about 80 percent of the content out. Problems and solutions can be mapped using mathematical formulas and calculations. In this way, physical problems become tangible and can be explained logically. On the one hand, calculations such as integral calculus and algebra play a major role - as you know from school. On the other hand, it is primarily about setting up models that depict physical properties. This can be straight lines or parabolas in coordinate systems, for example.

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What do I do in the theory phases?

The theoretical phases, i.e. the phases in the university, can be divided into three sub-areas: the theoretical physics, the experimental physics and the mathematics.

Subjects such as mechanics, electrodynamics, quantum dynamics or static mechanics are predominantly theoretical, while many experiments are carried out in the subjects optics, thermodynamics and electricity, and magnetism. You will encounter elements of mathematics in all subjects, and in mathematics lectures you will learn how to use differential calculus and vector and matrix calculus - just to name a few types of arithmetic, because mathematics in the dual study of physics becomes complex.

The basic course is the same at every university. In the first semester you will get to know all the necessary calculation methods that you will need in the subsequent semesters and also in your later job. These are then applied in courses such as mechanics to help students understand how mathematics is used in physics. For example, you then calculate how to calculate and decompose forces - measured in Newtons. In addition, at some universities you also have foreign language and IT courses, because the acquisition of programming languages ​​is also on the curriculum.

Devices that you encounter during your studies

  • Objects to be examined such as elementary particles, magnetic fields or nanoparticles
  • Measuring devices for temperature and pressure
  • Microscopes
  • spectrometer
  • Oscilloscope
  • Formula collections and test protocols

Can I also specialize in the dual study program?

After your undergraduate studies, which last three to four semesters depending on the university, you choose one Major out. The selection differs from university to university: laser technology and quantum optics or astronomy and astrophysics, for example, are available for some. Elsewhere, you may also have the opportunity to choose biophysics and medical physics or environmental physics or solid state physics.

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What do I do in the practical phases?

If you have a Practice-integrated dual study program complete, you will spend the practical phases in the company - your so-called practice partner. In contrast to full-time studies, where you only decide later on a focus, with this variant you decide on a physics discipline when you choose the company. Possible practice partners are, for example, companies in the aerospace industry, vehicle or medical technology, the energy industry or the IT industry. In the company you will then learn how to apply your theoretical knowledge from university on the job. For example, you can already work on engineering tasks and get to know the processes and organization in the company.

Often there is also the option of practice-integrated form the dual study to complete your practical phases in different companies. This will give you insights into different areas and you will also build up a good network - which will bring advantages for your professional future. This option exists, for example, when several practice partners cooperate.

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