Has Trump's Muslim ban reduced terrorism

Trump's entry bans: symbolic and post-factual

In contrast to "homegrowns", people from the seven countries on which the entry ban was imposed practically did not plan or carry out any terrorist attacks in the USA

With his entry ban for people from seven Muslim countries, Donald Trump could have crossed a line for the first time where he is faced with widespread opposition. In a tweet, Trump referred to the mess Europe is in because of the refugees, which, however, have arisen with the active influence of previous US governments. Taking responsibility for what American governments screwed up is not Trump's concern. On the other hand, he wants to protect the United States from supposed terrorists and at the same time have a plan worked out how the Islamic State - as if it were the only Islamist terrorist organization - could be put down - as if Clinton, Bush and Obama had not planned to do the same.

Trump's decree created ample chaos, which also shows that attempting to demonstrate readiness to act quickly causes "side effects" that have not been considered (chaos over US entry bans). The White House is already rowing back again, for example, as far as owners of the green card are concerned. There is resistance from the Republican Party and courts will first have to decide on legality, especially if it only affects Muslims and not Christians from these countries. As with protectionism and the building of the wall, Trump also provokes resistance in the economy. That could damage his image in the long term, because his supporters also consider him a successful entrepreneur who knows how the economy can grow and jobs can be created.

The list includes the seven states Syria, Iraq, Iran, Libya, Yemen, Sudan and Somalia. From these countries, according to Trump, terrorists could enter the country, which is why entry will be temporarily banned and strict security controls will then be carried out. Too bad that the entry ban will be of little use in protecting Americans from terrorist attacks, at least if one proceeds from the attacks and attack plans that have existed so far.

Of the 180 people accused of terrorism in the US since 9/11, just 11 came from any of the seven countries (3 from Iraq, 5 from Somalia, 2 from Yemen and one from Iran). Nobody came from Syria, Libya or Sudan, and according to the Wall Street Journal, which is increasingly critical of Trump, none of the 11 suspects were involved in a major attack plan. Trump's National Security Council advisers may have made misleading statements to get Trump to send a message that could backfire.

However, the seven countries had already been identified as problematic by the Obama administration. For example, people from countries who were allowed to enter the USA without a visa have not been able to do so since 2015 if they had traveled to Iran and Sudan, Syria or Iraq; in 2016, Libya, Somalia and Yemen were added.

WSJ points to data from the New America Foundation that 85 percent of those suspected, convicted, or killed of terrorism in the United States were either US citizens or legal residents. Half of them were even born in the United States. Entry bans are of little use here, they just try to shift the danger from within to the outside, because evil supposedly always comes from there. Not even the 19 assassins of 9/11 came from the stigmatized countries, but from Egypt, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, with whom the White House under Trump probably does not want to mess, especially not with Saudi -Arabia or the Emirates. For some time now, the "homegrown" terrorists have been considered more dangerous.

That doesn't seem to matter to Trump, who imposed symbolic signs of closure or confinement with the building of the wall, the tariffs and the entry ban in order to ensure more security. Trump, himself a descendant of a German immigrant, also wants to reduce the number of refugees who are already very selectively selected. In 2016, the USA accepted 85,000, in 2017 it is expected to be only 50,000 in the former "melting pot of nations" and the Statue of Liberty, which welcomes the refugees. (Florian Rötzer)

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