Is linalool alcohol
Linalool is the main component in the essential oil of basil (up to 85%). It is found in numerous plants, including marjoram, thyme, oregano, lavender and savory. As Coriandrol, it was isolated from coriander.
SUBSTANCE GROUP: Acyclic monoterpenes
Linalool is a monohydric alcohol from the group of monoterpenes. It does not have a ring shape, hence it is called. Since linalool has a chiral carbon atom (its ligands can be left or right-handed), it occurs in two enantiomeric forms (click on the picture): the licareol [(R) - (-) - linalool] and the coriandrol [( S) - (+) - linalool]. Its molecular formula is C.10H18O.
It is also found in many essential oils as an ester (linalyl acetate) and as linalool oxide. Linalool is also one of the flavors in wine. With an odor threshold of 25 milligrams / l, it is an important component of the muscatel bouquet. [Wikipedia]
Linalool is a clear, colorless liquid. Coriandrol smells sweetish-lavender-like, Licareol has a woody-lavender-like smell. The odor of the racemate (mixture of both isomers) is described as a pleasant, slightly refreshing, flowery-woody / bitter odor. Linalool is produced synthetically and used as a smell and taste substance. It has an irritating effect on the mucous membranes and eyes. The LD50 for rats is 2.8 g / kg body weight when ingested orally. Linalool can also be absorbed through the skin and inhaled. Chronic ingestion can cause liver damage. A carcinogenic effect has not been proven. [excerpts from Wikipedia]
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