What is the Arian language

The Arian Church (SIFR)


Give the Arian version of Christianity (anti-Trinitarian) a chance in a new timeline. In the existing timeline, Arianism, which was mostly widespread among the Germanic tribes, ended with the Lombards in the 7th century. Reason: The leaders of the various tribes found it useful to profess Catholicism. The people had to follow, they were never asked.

In a new timeline "Constantin's Decision" this is different. The tendency of Catholicism to syncretism is further elaborated here. This article is part of the SIFR timeline.

Teaching of the Presbyter Arius

Based on his religious and philosophical education, Arius represented the following teachings regarding Christology:

  • that the Logos and the Father are not of the same essence (identity of essence)
  • that the Son is a creature of the Father
  • that there was a time when the son did not exist; he had a beginning (denying the beginningless equality of father and son).

Latin papacy:

The Latin papacy was established after the fall of Rome (476) and after the merger of the formerly rival Christian churches after 496. Since the Arian values ​​provided for the equality of people, the “Latin Pope” was only one of equals. Arius I (Marcus Drusus Milano) is the First Pope. The early papacy of the 5th century is characterized primarily by erudition and penitentiality. According to the legend, Arius I only had two pairs of sandals, a white robe and a cap. His saying: "Give the money to the armies that are starving" is formative for his time. Arius I is the first and last pope elected for life. Since the new Latin state church was just being established, the leadership consisted of only a few clergymen. Nine of these Roman clergy formed the church wheel in Rome. The powers of the Council of Churches hardly exceeded the city limits of Rome. It was only over time that the Pope you had elected was recognized worldwide as the “church leader and counselor” of Arian Christianity. The Pope owed this recognition to his ecclesiastical ability to treat and include the representatives of his faith equally in everything he did. So he was soon honored all over Italy. Small Christian communities sought his advice and sent exhausted workers to Rome. Although Arius I only held office for 4 years, he was the most concise Pope in late antiquity. His successor Lucius also emulated the presbyter. Several very humble popes followed. Although the papacy changed, for example asceticism fell away, later popes also remained humble. Pope Lucius was only elected for 5 years, and the option of voting out was introduced in 523. Since the Latin papacy made no claims to power, the Latin Church remained decentralized. Whereby Rome and the Pope became the contact point for questions of faith. Several councils met in Rome, later also in Ravenna and Aachen. Since the secular lords also asked for God's blessing, the Pope was also your point of contact. Charlemagne was crowned emperor by Pope John VII in 800. Important decisions in the secular world were therefore partly in the hands of the Latin popes. For many centuries the papacy remained an important institution in Europe. Especially the medieval rulers of the Sacrum Imperium Francorum et Romanum Nationalis Germaniis gladly accepted the advice of the popes. One of the most unpopular popes was Gregory who called for the crusade in 1100. He is considered a Pope of Kings, it is thanks to him that the office became more and more unpopular. The last important Latin Pope was Thomas V, who at his coronation in 1218 required the emperor to take an oath never to lead a crusade again. Over time, however, the office of Pope became less important until it was finally abandoned at the end of the 13th century. The last Pope came, called Heinric, and campaigned for social housing in Milan.

325 AD Council of Nicaea

In this timeline the council has the same outcome as in the existing timeline. Only, Emperor Constantine the Great has lost interest in the clergy's quarrels, goes back to Rome and leaves the clergy to their decisions. He listens more to advisors who advise him to tolerate the Catholic Church, but to pay more attention to the old cults. Constantine thinks of merging the two cults.

335 AD

Arius survives the poison attack of his Trinitarian opponents and finds refuge with his friends. Together with Ulfila, who was ordained bishop of the Gothic Christians by the imperial bishop Eusebios in 341 AD, both went to the Goths, who settled in northern Bulgaria, with a group of fellow soldiers. Both proselytize the Goths. In addition to churches, they also founded a school there. Ulfila translated the Holy Scriptures into Gothic using the script he had developed. Ulfila, Arius and his friends trained Goths and other people in Gothic script and other subjects that were common at the time. They formed a circle of 12 friends with the vow to bring Christianity in its pure form and the wisdom and science of that time to all the tribes of the Germanic peoples: aim: everyone should be able to read and write and be able to be saints Reading scripture.

350 AD

Foundation of a school in Sirmium. This school is built under the protection of the Gothic king. First of all, the sons of all Gothic military leaders are accepted by order of the King of the Goths. Admission age 6 years. School time 6 years for the time being.

Subjects:


Writing and reading, arithmetic, Latin, Roman law, geography, agriculture (cattle and plant breeding, with practical work) [1] Emperor Constans failed to support the KK in the Germanic part of his empire. In this way he was able to calm the Germanic peoples.

400 AD

Translation of the Gothic Bible into the language of the Lombards by Agilulf and Ulfila of Sirmium, a descendant of Ulfilas the Goth. The teaching time at the schools in Sirmium and Vienna was increased to 10 years.

Translation of the Gothic Bible into the language of the Vandal of Gisera.

337-476 AD

As early as the reign of Constantine II (Emperor 337-361), East Rome adopted the Arian faith. In contrast, in West Rome there was still the Solkult (see Apollon) who saw Roman Christianity as a rival. Around 350, however, the Christians also prevailed in western Rome. In Rome, Christianity is fragmented, there are Arians there too, but these are in the minority. Sharp words against the Arians come from the Egyptian city of Alexandria.

Athanasius the Great is very critical of the practices of the Arians. Although Athanasius is not in Rome, he has great influence on the Roman Christians. The strongest of the Christian factions calls themselves in the middle of the 4th century the “Roman Latin Church” As the name suggests, these Christians see themselves primarily as Latins, that is, Romans. In the 4th century most Italians turned to the Latin Church. Germanic vassals are mostly pagans or already Arians. The Christianity of the year 400 is thus divided into two parts, just like East and West Rome since 395. The Latin clergy is based on structure and authority. This creates a huge bureaucracy, but also new social institutions such as orphanages, hostels for the poor and monasteries. The missionary work carried out by the Arians hardly takes place on the part of the (Western) Romans. There are still no tensions as areas of influence are clearly defined by the 5th century. But it is clear that the Eastern Roman emperors were more likely to get advice from the Arian clergy. The great migration makes everything worse. In Rome the people fear the invasion of the marauding hordes. That is why the imperial court is relocated to Ravenna. Therefore, the citizens are also more willing to follow a tightly organized Roman-Latin Church. Ravenna's weak emperors hand over powers to the Bishop of Rome. There is still no state church, but unofficially everyone knows who is Rome's strong cleric around 466: Thadeus I. He is bishop of Rome from 457 and is of the opinion that there should only be one Christian church. Therefore he invites the Arians to the church council of Rome in 463. The Roman Council turns into a debacle. Again there is a dispute about the essential equality of God / Holy Spirit / Son. After the council the church is finally divided and the schism follows. Although the two big churches are not enemies, their discussions are quite heated. As a result, Arianism is banned in West Rome. A serious mistake, because many Germanic tribes are already Arians and feel excluded from Western Rome. When Rome falls in 476, the Roman Latin Church fears for its existence, but it turns out differently than expected.

476-500 AD

After the deposition of the last Western Roman emperor Romulus Augustulus by Odoacer, the Germanic Heruli rule in Italy. Odoacer was an officer and mercenary with the Romans for a long time, and he is also an Arian. Although he overthrew the West Romance, Odoaker did not want to destroy it completely, he became ruler of the Vandalic West Romance. He is crowned King of Italy and has the ceremony performed by the Latin Bishop of Rome. Italian Christians are surprised because they expected persecution. Odoacer turns out to be a civilized man, he is fluent in Latin, Greek and other languages. This shows that the Arian schools in the “barbarian empires” are much better than expected. The soldiers of the Odoacer also turn out to be less terrifying than the legend of the bearded Germanic promises. So com

mt it that the Roman citizens hardly realize that now a barbarian is sitting on the throne. King Odoacer is a man of the world, he brings Arian clergy to Italy. Among them Arius Hörgwein, a Germanic monk of the Arians. Like his master, Arius Hörgwein is a man of the world who knows how to involve Latin Christians and their clerics in politics. King Odoacer is also popularly known as Odovacrius. During the 17 years of his reign, the Teuton improved the life of the Romans in general. He and Arius Hörgwein introduce many of the achievements of the Aryan Christians. 481 there is a serious meeting of church superiors of both denominations in Ravenna, the capital of Italy. Unlike in Rome in 463, Arius Hörgwein and the Arians managed to bridge the gap between the Latin and Arian churches. Thanks to Hörgwein, the first step towards merging the churches has been taken. Although the cleric dies in 485, his work of unification continues. Italy's unity was also affected by war, and the Ostrogoths are becoming more and more intrusive. Despite the death of Odoacer 493 and the change of power, the structure of Christianity remains stable. Theodoric, who leads the Ostrogoths, appoints himself administrator of West Rome in the name of the old emperors. He founds the Ostrogoth Empire in Italy. He is also an Arian. Under Theodoric, Arianism finally merged with the Latin Church. The basic values ​​of Arianism pass into the "new" Latin Church. Although the bishops of Rome now call themselves “Latin popes”, they are more close to Arianism than anything else. In 496 the Italian Marcus Drusus Milano was promoted to the rank of first pope. As Pope Arius I, he leads a humble life that he fills with Bible study and teaching. The church as such is not led by the Pope, but by a democratically elected authority, the Church Council in Rome, up to 500. Although the First Latin Popes did not really have any political influence, they were heavily involved in the development of Italy. By the time he died in 500, Arius I had done a great number of good works. In 1151 he was even canonized.

500-1000 AD

These 500 years went down in history books as the golden centuries of Arian-style Christianity. Thanks to far-sighted popes like Lucius (500-505), the neo-Latin church succeeds in setting itself up as a model for the Gothic rulers of Italy. Theodoric, the great king of the Ostrogoths, thinks a lot of “his popes” and tries again and again to bind the church leaders to himself and his crown. Theodoric the Great learned a lot from the Arians in his youth, especially when it came to administration. In order to give the church more opportunities, he gives administrative offices to your dignitaries. The school system is also in the hands of the church. Christianity is thus significantly involved in the formation of centers of knowledge such as Naples. The United Ostrogoth Empire of Theodoric has developed into a place where practically everyone can write in just 20 years. This of course arouses the envy of other Germanic rulers. In 502, the First Library was built in Naples. This "library" is not what we mean by it today, it is something like a university. She takes the legendary Alexandria library as a model. In Naples there are clerks of the church who collect texts from all parts of the world and make them available to the public in the library. This happens under the auspices of the Latin Church. Pope Lucius moves to Naples in 504 and becomes a teacher there after his tenure. The good relations and the location enable the church to arrange an exchange of knowledge with Byzantium. But the Lombards remain a threat to the United Ostrogoth Empire. The amalgamation of the East and Visigoths comes within reach around 512 but this fails. In 526 after the death of Great Theodoric, Pope Otto II proclaimed that the reunification of Europe was one of the goals of Christianity. Arian missionaries like Brendan the Traveler from Ireland want to proselytize the whole world. Brendan discovered the New World Septia early on. He is of the opinion that a united Europe like that of the Romans could give the war-torn world the long-awaited peace. But it takes almost 300 years for this to happen. The imperial coronation of Charlemagne in 800 brings the hoped-for agreement. Charlemagne made it possible for the church to structure the new Holy Roman Empire for the first time. The second wave of proselytizing in Europe begins. In the 9th century monks again penetrated as far as Ireland and tried their hand at Russia. In the meantime, the Christians in Byzantium have taken a different route. There the Orthodox Arians are to come forward. These Christians still call themselves Arians and reject the Latin form of Arianism. Political relations between Byzantium and Aachen are good around 900, but there are problems. In the 10th century Christianity and chivalry are closely interwoven. The first thoughts of a crusade against Jerusalem were voiced as early as 987. The Moors invaded Italy as early as 830. Islam as the enemy of good is becoming more and more an issue in the SIFR, and unified Christianity is countering a confrontation with Islam. The Latin papacy too soon sees the “wild” Arabs as a threat.

1000 - 1298 AD

In the year 1000 the soaring of the Latin Church came to an end. The Arians from East and West argue, southern Italy becomes Byzantine and the calls for campaigns in the Holy Land are increasing. The Byzantine usurper Meles of Bari marches in Apulia (Italy). The warlike emperor who stole his crown is considered an enemy of the Latin Church. This forced the cities of Italy to form an alliance with the Lombards. As rumor was spread in Rome that Meles had Saracens as ancestors, there was fear in the country. The Italo-Byzantine War ended with the victory of the Italian Alliance. Since the emperor of the SIFR did not take part in the fighting, he lost a lot of support in Italy. The people of the Romans now clung more strongly to their beliefs. The defeat of the Byzantines in 1012 leads the Orthodox Arians to feel betrayed by their fellow believers in the SIFR.

Constantinople is losing ground due to the ongoing war. The discrepancies between the Eastern and Western churches can only be discussed through Pope Darius Tobias' visit to Athens in 1052. The meeting with the “Urarians” and Darius Tobias with his entourage is icy and strict according to the etiquette of the Byzantine court. The Byzantine Orthodox accuse the Latins of having deliberately opposed the origins of Christianity for the 5th centuries. You hate the office of Pope, you call Darius Tobias “King” and accuse him of having committed to the wrong goals. The Pope is shocked and leaves angry. Although the Orthodox Arians are right about some things, the claim that the Pope is playing himself as Lord of Christendom is only partially true. Pope Darius Tobias in particular led a life as a working husband and father. But since he is sensitive to some things, he did not try to speak to the Christians in Greece again. Even 48 years later, relations between the churches are still tense, but a Pope named Gregory wants Christianity to unite. In doing so, he uses methods that many contemporaries call unchristian.

Gregory draws a threat from Islam on the wall, he calls both East and West to stand against the threat. In 1097 he calls the Council of Ravenna. He also invites the Arian brothers in faith in Constantinople. At the council he gives a speech against the threat to Islam, he suggests the churches should stand together against the enemy.It hits like a bomb, both ecclesiastical and secular dignitaries join in his song of the fight against the wild Muslims. Not every Christian is of this opinion, but the signs point to a storm. Emperor Alexios I in Constantinople is delighted because he can now convince the Christian princes of the SIFR that Constantinople needs help in the fight against Islam. 3 years later, in 1100, Pope Gergor calls for a crusade against the infidels under the motto "Deus lo Vult". In doing so, he is clearly exceeding his competencies. The next day the Roman Convention meets. Over 100 church dignitaries voted out Gregor there. But the avalanche has kicked off, Gregor's fanaticism was contagious. Thousands of young warriors register in the empire to go to holy war. The papacy was badly damaged by Gregory, but paradoxically, after 1100, Byzantium-SIFR relations improved radically. The age of the crusades begins and ends almost 100 years later with the third and last crusade. After Gregory, Eusebius II takes over the office of Pope. As a pacifist, he is not heard from among the mighty of Europe. His attempt in 1103 to secretly negotiate peace with Islamic rulers is undermined by betrayal. Dark times have dawned for the Latin popes, because now in the 12th century the emperors only want to hear a yes and amen to their crusades. The campaigns against the unbelievers were slaughtered and rejected by both the Latin and the Orthodox-Arian churches. In 1162 a Pope even called for the sword to be exchanged for flight troops and for the fields to be tilled. But the sermons of the Popes at the courts of Constantinople and Aachen have no resonance. Within Christianity there is more and more the impression that the end times have come. Doomsday preachers march through the Holy Roman Empire and denounce the sins of secular rulers. But the western feudal system knows how to face this with sword in hand. After Pope Damian X spoke out against the Third Crusade in 1190, he was simply arrested by imperial troops. Damian then spent 7 years in prison, with his guards taking good care of him. In his cell near Rome he writes the book "pro bono publico"

(for the public good) The book is only published in small editions because the printing press is still unknown in Europe. But the few copies are copied and translated into several languages. The book is more or less a call to stand up for society and charity. In it the former Pope writes about early Christianity and its values ​​and that a Pope is not necessary. The book heralds a revolution, because through this reading some peasants feel called to rebel against their feudal lords. The result is the end of the crusades but also a series of unsightly peasant uprisings in the empire. Thomas V (from 1204 - 1219) is the last Pope who is allowed to play a political role in society. The popes of the 13th century hardly find any connection with politics, Christian values ​​and realpolitik are too far apart. 1298 after almost 100 years of insignificant popes, a committee of Roman clergy decides to suspend the papal elections from now on. It was not determined how long, but since then there has been no new Pope. For some Christians this marks the end of a long series of trials and tribulations. After the elimination of the papacy, many Romans said that the Arian doctrine would go uphill again. The book “pro bono publico” was also extremely popular in the 13th century. It is also claimed that through this book the church reformer Damian X brought the church back from the crisis into the light.

1300 - 1450 AD: Arian Renaissance

After the crusades of the 11th and 12th centuries, calm returned to Europe. The papacy has been abolished and Christianity reunited in faith. The Latin Church in the SIFR now hardly tries to interfere in the affairs of the secular rulers. However, the establishment of new missions in North Africa still leads to confrontations with Islam. In Europe, which is almost entirely united by the SIFR, the fat years are dawning. A steady upswing and strong trade relations between Constantinople and Western Europe lead to a self-contained society. The old feudal structures that were built up by Charlemagne are increasingly giving way to communal village communities. This circumstance is due to Emperor Friedrich II, who through his long reform life shaped the empire, especially imperial Italy, in the late 13th century.

We owe a lot to the Karls (Charles the Strong and Charles VIII). In 1300 the Arian-minded Christians formed such village communities. The society, which is still strongly attached to the Germanic, is now again relying on direct democracy like the Thing Assembly. However, this is reinforced by Christian values ​​of charity. The book "

pro bono publico “can be found in almost every Germanic household. The war-weary peasants are very interested in the form of common good described in the book. Around 1300 Marco Polo also traveled to Asia, he brought back block printing from East Asia. Thanks to the ability to print books, the availability of books increased sharply. This heralds the renaissance. The ability to print books is used immediately within the Latin Church. In 1307 the first printed Bible appears for the people. Until now Bibles were available in different languages ​​but very expensive because they were copies. Not only the Bible is spread through the church, also textbooks. The library of Naples becomes a proper university in 1322. In Italy a fair banking system is developing which will prevail by the middle of the century. The years of peace also encourage artists to become more active. In contrast to our history, there are no great cathedrals, so first of all people's palaces are being built in Italy. These buildings are often intended for gatherings in which the city-republics of Florence and Rome hold meetings. This mostly happens within the Christian communities. In northern Reichsgermanien and in Reichsgallien this looks different. There are also meeting places there, but these are far less filigree than in southern Europe, for example. The return to old values ​​leads in many parts to a return to your forefathers, the Teutons. For Christians at the end of the 14th century, the crusades marked the end of darkness. Book printing and in some cases even early humanistic values ​​characterize the church in 1450. In the 150 years between 1300 and 1450, some things turned for the better, some things stayed the same. Feudalism, however, is increasingly rejected because the inequality of the classes is no longer acceptable. But this new era also has its downsides. The Mongol Wars at the end of the 13th century had raged just like the Crusades. Whereupon it came to trade with the Far East. Diseases like the plague were often fatal to Europeans before 1300. In the 14th century medicine was still rudimentary, but the trend towards bathing houses and thus towards personal hygiene changed the image of the Renaissance city. Fragrant soaps and ointments from the Orient were extremely popular there, but also very expensive.

“God created man in his own image! If we are his image, how can we be filthy? We have to be clean, God is clean too, he's even sparkling clean "

Sermon by a clergyman on the subject of cleanliness around 1400

The Turkish bath was frowned upon as it was associated with Islam and other foreign influences. Here, too, the medieval bathing culture continued to develop. In Rome, architects tried their hand at ancient Roman baths. The technique of underfloor heating was rediscovered. However, bathing together was regulated by strict Christian norms. Men and women were not allowed to bathe together