What are some fine Islamic stories

The Hadith Sciences and Hadith Hermeneutics

Hadith science is primarily concerned with verifying and systematically archiving the traditional materials that relate to the life of the Prophet Muhammad. Parallel to the emergence of the hadith compilations, independent disciplines developed that deal with questions about the credibility of narrators and the authenticity of narrations. This prompted Ḥākim an-Nīsābūrī (d. 405/1014) to speak of the hadith sciences (ʿulūmu l-ḥadīṯ) in the plural for the first time. Their theological relevance and early establishment in the Islamic canon of science can be traced back to the fact that the Prophet Muhammad is presented as a beautiful example (ʾuswa ḥasana) for Muslims in the Koran (33/21). In addition, according to a verse of the Koran (16/44), the function of the Prophet was to clarify the message of the Koran with his own words and deeds. Thus the life practice of the prophet advanced to the model (Sunna) and next to the Koran to a further theological source of reference for the Muslims. In this respect, hadith studies provide us with historical transmission materials through which the sunna of the prophet can be outlined. With a view to the wide range of hadith literature and the associated questions about the historicity and appropriate interpretation of the prophetic traditions, the focus area "Hadith Sciences and Hadith Hermeneutics" is primarily devoted to two aspects: on the one hand, the study of the diverse classical hadith literature and, on the other hand, critical research into their historicity and contemporary interpretation.