What is the process for breeding dogs
Breeding of petsInformation on breeding of pets (obligation to register vs. permit, exceptions, torture breeding)
Breeding of pets (dogs, cats, small animals, ...)
Breeding is the reproduction of animals under the responsibility of the owner
a) keeping sexually mature animals of different sexes together or
b) targeted or not prevented mating or
c) the drawing of a certain animal for covering or
d) through the use of reproductive medicine techniques. (§14 Z 14 Tierschutzgesetz-TSchG)
This means that the unwanted reproduction of animals in the sense of the Animal Welfare Act is also to be regarded as breeding.
Therefore, before the start of breeding, i.e. before mating or before birth, there is an obligation to report to the responsible district administrative authority in accordance with Section 31 (4) of the Animal Welfare Act. The notification must contain the name and address of the owner, the type and maximum number of animals kept and the place where they are kept. It is then up to the authority to assess whether, in addition to the notification, a permit according to §31 or §23 of the Animal Welfare Act is necessary. (economic activity).
Farm animals (those named in Section 24 (1) Z1 TschG) are excluded from this report: horses and equines, cattle, pigs, poultry, sheep, goats, hoofed game, llamas, hoofed game, rabbits, ostriches, farm fish
The keeping for the purpose of breeding and the associated sale of the following pets is also exempt from the reporting requirement in accordance with 31 (4):
- Ornamental fish
- domesticated pet birds
- domesticated poultry
- Small rodents
if this is not done regularly and not at a profit. In addition, the breeding of cephalopods and decapods, as well as the breeding of animals owned by the federal government.
Special reporting obligations for animal breeds in which agony breeding traits can occur
There are special reporting obligations for people who use breeds of animals in which torture breeding traits occur for breeding. When reporting the breeding to the district administrative authority, it must be reported which measures will be taken to prevent torture breeding (breeding program). (Regulation in Federal Law Gazette II No. 70/2016 in conjunction with Section 31 Paragraph 4 and Section 44 Paragraph 17 TSchG)
Our pets and pets, especially dogs, have been changed in appearance and behavior by breeding selection depending on the intended use on the part of humans. There are features of domestic animal breeds that do not represent a disadvantage for the animal, as well as those that massively restrict the quality of life of the animals or are even life-threatening. The result is high veterinary costs and, under certain circumstances, an animal that can hardly live without pain or suffering.
Torture breeding using the example of a dog
No other pet lives in such close communion with humans as the dog. The large number of breeds with their different breed standards, which mainly relate to the appearance, shows a very broad spectrum of appearance within the species "dog". No other animal species differs so much solely from the weight of the adult animals: Chihuahua up to 70 kg mastiff.
Some external traits, such as the short-leggedness of the dachshund, were bred for hunting work underground. This extreme breeding standard may make sense, but only in connection with the use of the dog for this purpose. If the respective use is omitted, these features mutate into purely visual fashion trends that are subject to human "taste", the health of the animals takes a back seat.
In addition, every form of breeding selection leads to a restriction of genetic diversity, which in turn leads to inbreeding symptoms such as reduced fertility, increased susceptibility to negative environmental influences or reduced life expectancy.
For example, a short nose in a pug or in various bulldog breeds is a "fashion trend" and people find it "cute" and "pretty".
Because of the short nose, too narrow nostrils and a too short upper jaw, it can lead to shortness of breath due to a collapse of the trachea. Snoring and puffing animals with tongues hanging out are not cute but suffer from chronic shortness of breath! Here an (expensive) operation is often necessary to enable the animal to have a life worth living.
In the Animal Welfare Act, torture breeding is listed as a cruelty to animals.
Typical Qualzucht traits are for example:
- Difficulty breathing due to a nose that is too short / an upper jaw that is too short
- Lameness from extreme body shapes such as dwarfism
- Inflammation of the skin from severe wrinkles
- Temperature problems and missing teeth in animals without fur
- There is a high risk of eye injury from large, bulging eyes
- Deafness in animals with white fur
In addition, it is forbidden by law to buy, import, trade or pass on animals with agony breeding traits. An exhibition with animals with torture breeding characteristics is also prohibited.
Exception: There is evidence that the animal comes from breeders who have taken measures to abandon torture breeding. Withdrawal measures mean that breeders keep accurate records of parent selection and births, have a precise plan for how they breed, and what to do about torture breeding traits, such as the nose or legs of a dog get longer again
Before you get a pet:
Think carefully about your purchase and do not make a hasty decision just because of the looks: such as big, cute eyes or small, short noses. A pet has to suit you. You can slowly get to know animals from the animal shelter and mixed breeds as well as purebred animals are offered.
Do not buy on the internet, from the "trunk" or on the street, and do not buy an animal out of pity! A breeding program should also be available in the pet shop!
Ask about the parent animals and torture breeding traits when you buy a pedigree animal from breeders and get advice from your vet before you buy it.
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