Where did Chandragupta die. Are there pictures

Chandragupta II

Gold coin Chandraguptas II - type "rider"

Chandragupta II ruled in the north Indian Gupta empire from approx. 375-413 / 15 AD; he was nicknamed Vikramaditya ("World Conqueror"). During its long reign, India experienced a politico-military, economic and cultural heyday. Chandragupta II is considered a great patron of the arts, which manifests itself in numerous sculptures in architecture (see Gupta Temple) as well as in the fine arts (Sanchi, Sarnath, etc.). Numerous poets also worked in the vicinity of the royal court, including the famous Kalidasa.

ancestry

Chandragupta II was the son of King Samudragupta (ruled approx. 335-375) and the grandson of Chandragupta I (ruled approx. 320-335), who is generally regarded as the founder of the Gupta dynasty. His son was Kumaragupta I (ruled approx. 415–455).

biography

In Chandragupta's biography, historical reports and fabulous narratives mix, all of which were only passed down orally for centuries before they were put down in writing at some point in the Indian Middle Ages.

After Samudragupta's death, his older brother inherited Ramagupta the throne; this also took hold Dhruvaswaminis, Chandragupta's fiancé. After a defeat against the Saka ruler Rudrasimha III. (reg. approx. 388–395) this demanded the surrender DhruvaswaminisWhereupon Chandragupta decided to ride himself - disguised as a woman - to the Saka court, where he killed Rudrasimha. (According to other reports, he is said to have defeated Rudrasimha and the Sakas in a battle.) Shortly thereafter, Chandragupta also got rid of his brother Ramagupta and married Dhruvaswaminiwho became the mother of his son and successor Kumaragupta I.

Another marriage to the Naga princess Kuberanaga is also passed down; Prabhavatigupta, a daughter from this connection, married Rudrasena II (r. 380–385 or 385–390), a king of the Vakataka dynasty, who died a short time later. Prabhavatigupta took over the reign for her two underage sons, but incorporated the territory of the Vakatakas for a period of about 20 years in fact into the Gupta Empire, which stretched from the Indus to the Ganges during this time. H. stretched over all of northern India, and south to the Dekkan Plateau. The most important cities at the time were Pataliputra (modern day Patna), Prayaga (modern day Prayagraj) and Avantika (modern day Ujjain).

Kalidasa reports that Chandragupta, whom he only called by his surname Vikramaditya calls, after his victory over the Sakas in several campaigns in northwest India the Parasikas (Persian), Hunas (meaning a group of the so-called Iranian Huns) and defeated the Kambojas. The names of other subjugated peoples at the foot of the Himalayas are also mentioned: Mlecchas, Yavanas and Tusharas.

Gupta Empire

Chandraguptas II silver coin. Obverse with head portrait in profile with mustache; Back with inscription: Chandragupta Vikramaditya, King of kings, worshiper of Vishnu (Center: Garuda)

religion
After centuries of religious, philosophical and intellectual dominance of Buddhism in northern India, the Gupta rulers, above all Chandragupta II, were followers of Hinduism, especially Vishnuism. Chandragupta II. As donor, several cave temples in Udayagiri as well as the earliest (preserved) free-standing temples in India are attributed. Nevertheless, he was also active as a founder of Buddhist temples (Sanchi) and sculptures (Sarnath).
Iron pillar
The famous iron pillar in the Qutub Minar complex in Delhi is said to have been erected in Udayagiri. An inscription on the column bears the name Chandra, who is referred to as the admirer of Vishnu and is therefore equated by some researchers with Chandragupta II.
miscellaneous
The Chinese pilgrim Faxian visited Pataliputra around the year 400 and reports: "The people are rich and happy, free from any poll tax or government restrictions. Only those who cultivate the king's land pay a land tax. They are free to go or to The king rules the country without applying the death penalty. Even high traitors only have their right hand chopped off. " He also narrated that the population did not eat meat, nor onions or garlic; Wine is also unknown.
Coinage
In the great empire of the Guptas under Chandragupta II the economy and trade flourished. A large number of gold and silver coins were minted, the minting quality of which far exceeded all known coinage of the time.

  • Hermann Kulke, Dietmar Rothermund: History of India. From the Indus culture to today. 2nd, updated edition of the special edition. C. H. Beck, Munich 2010, ISBN 978-3-406-60414-0.
  • Fred Virkus: Political structures in the Gupta empire. (300-550 AD) (= Asia and Africa studies at the Humboldt University in Berlin. 18) Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 2004, ISBN 3-447-05080-2.
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