In which country did the 1992 Summer Olympics take place?
The Olympic Charter is the summarizing legal regulation of the basic principles, rules and implementing regulations adopted by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). It governs the organization and activities of the Olympic movement and lays down the rules for celebrating the Olympic Games. The Olympic Movement brings together, under the supreme authority of the IOC, organizations, athletes and others who recognize the Olympic Charter as a guideline.
The conditions for admission to the Olympic Games formulated in the Charter, the regulation on the exploitation of media rights and the associated symbols and products have an impact on the national legal area. This also applies in particular to the strict ban on doping.
The International Olympic Committee (IOC) was founded on June 23, 1894. The first modern Olympic Games opened on April 6, 1896. To this day, the Olympic Movement is growing.
The Olympic idea is an attitude of mind based on the balance of body and mind. Sport, culture and education should be combined in a way of life that is based on enjoying physical activity, on the educational value of a good example and on respect for fundamental and universally valid ethical principles.
The aim of the Olympic Movement is to help build a peaceful and better world and to educate young people in a spirit of friendship, solidarity and fair play without any discrimination.
The Olympic Games are competitions between athletes in individual or team competitions, not between countries. The active participants are selected and nominated by their NOCs. In Germany, the German Olympic Sports Confederation has been a National Olympic Committee since 2006. The reports from the active participants are received by the IOC. The competitions take place under the technical direction of the respective international professional associations. The Olympic Games consist of the Olympic Games and the Winter Olympic Games. Both take place every four years. The first Winter Olympics were held in 1924.
The International Paralympic Movement
The International Paralympic Committee (IPC) was founded in 1989 and is one of the largest sports organizations in the world. It represents a large number of active people with disabilities, has taken disabled sports to a new level and provides comparable conditions for competitive sports for disabled and non-disabled people. to the
The Paralympic Games go back to an initiative of Sir Ludwig Guttman, who brought war invalids together for sports competitions in England (Mandeville) in 1948. Olympic-style games of athletes with disabled people were first organized in Rome in 1960. In Toronto 1976 a larger number of handicapped groups and damage classes were added. In the same year the first Paralympic Winter Games took place. Since the 1988 Olympics (Seoul) and the Albertville Winter Games, the Paralympic Games have also been held in the same venues as the Olympic Games. Since June 19, 2001 there has been an agreement between the IOC and the IPC, which ensures the implementation of the Paralympics. It also notes that from 2008 the Paralympics will take place shortly after the Olympic Games and in the same venues and facilities as the Olympic Games. At the last Paralympic Summer Games in Athens, 3806 athletes from 136 countries took part in 19 sports. At the Winter Paralympics in Salt Lake City there were 416 participants from 36 nations.
- Athens 1896
- Paris 1900
- St. Louis 1904
- London 1908
- Stockholm 1912
- Antwerp 1920
- Paris 1924
- Amsterdam 1928
- Los Angeles 1932
- Berlin 1936
- London 1948
- Helsinki 1952
- Melbourne 1956
- Rome 1960
- Tokyo 1964
- Mexico 1968
- Munich 1972
- Montreal 1976
- Moscow 1980
- Los Angeles 1984
- Seoul 1988
- Barcelona 1992
- Atlanta 1996
- Sydney 2000
- Athens 2004
- Beijing 2008
- London 2012
- Rio de Janeiro 2016
- Tokyo 2020
- Paris 2024
- Los Angeles 2028
- Chamonix 1924
- St. Moritz 1928
- Lake Placid 1932
- Garmisch-Partenkirchen 1936
- St. Moriz 1948
- Oslo 1952
- Cortina d'Ampezzo 1956
- Squaw Valley 1960
- Innsbruck 1964
- Grenoble 1968
- Sapporo 1972
- Innsbruck 1976
- Lake Placid 1980
- Sarajevo 1984
- Calgary 1988
- Albertville 1992
- Lillehammer 1994
- Nagano 1998
- Salt Lake City 2002
- Turin 2006
- Vancouver 2010
- Sochi 2014
- PyeongChang 2018
- Beijing 2022
The future of the Olympic movement
The history of the modern Olympic Games is a little over 100 years old. At least at first glance, this story can be seen as a success story. This applies equally in quantitative and qualitative terms. After initial difficulties, the modern Olympic Games quickly became the most important sporting event of the twentieth century. Victory in an Olympic competition is the most important challenge for athletes in all sports.
The development of the games is characterized by growth. The number of participating athletes, the competitions, the journalists, the spectators, the officials, the TV channels that reported on the games, the amount of coverage in the press, they all show a continuous growth process. At the beginning of the new century, however, this growth seems to be nearing an end, at least for the time being. Increasingly, the question of the feasibility of the Olympic Games arises: The progressive differentiation of the Games is being called into question, and an end to gigantism is demanded. The reduction of the program and thus of the costs is just as much on the agenda of the International Olympic Committee as the question of the sustainability of the sports facilities.
Great athletes have shaped the history of the modern Olympic Games. Paavo Nurmi, Jesse Owens, Mark Spitz, Nadja Comanecci and Sergey Bubka represent athletes whose performances fascinated millions of viewers in stadiums and in front of the screens.
The Olympic Games were and are always outstanding cultural events. At the opening ceremonies, the hosts introduce themselves to an interested world public, convey their historical career, their cultural achievements and demonstrate the efficiency of their society. The games are significant occasions for art, literature, music and science.
The success story of the Olympic Games continues, but at the same time the Olympic sport is facing significant problems. The dependence on politics, business and the mass media seems to be increasing, tendencies towards fraud and manipulation are forcing people to think about the Olympics. The positive sides of the Olympic Games must be highlighted as well as their dangers. The Olympic Games make a contribution to international understanding and offer upbringing and education a variety of opportunities and opportunities to connect
At this point, the DOSB publishes documents on the promotion of competitive sports in Germany. All target agreements have been blackened by the respective umbrella association with regard to personal data and possible trade secrets / financing volumes. In addition, an overview of the basic and project funding (annual planning and competitive sports staff) is given.
The target agreements with the leading Olympic associations for the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro were made in 2013. This resulted in a medal corridor of 40 to 70 medals. The upper value only says what could theoretically be possible if all possibilities can be optimally exploited.
The target agreements were reviewed and updated in the so-called milestone talks in 2015 - this resulted in a medal corridor 42 to 71.
The qualification results from 2016 were not recorded. This has an impact in some sports, one example is volleyball (where in the updated version a medal was accepted for the men / hall after the 2015 milestone discussion). Volleyball (men / hall) just missed the extremely difficult qualification in the European group, despite clearly belonging to the top of the world, so that this medal can of course no longer be included in the forecasts. Therefore, the corridor in the current forecast has to be adjusted downwards slightly (38 to 68).
The goal for Rio is and remains to repeat the result from London (44 medals), possibly even to surpass it slightly. In general, however, the development of international sport in the past few years has shown an ever-widening peak, so that forecasts are becoming more and more difficult.
- Overview of goals for Sochi 2014 and Rio 2016 and the promotion of the associations in 2013
- Press release on the presentation of the goals for Sochi 2014 and Rio 2016 on June 24, 2013
- Update of the target corridors for the Olympic Games Rio 2016 according to sport (status: end of 2015)
Target agreements according to sports
The amounts shown for the Olympic summer sports associations reflect the needs of the leading associations to achieve their goals at the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro.
Separate discussions were held with the sports of soccer, golf and tennis. Due to the subsidiarity check by the Federal Ministry of the Interior (BMI), these central associations do not receive any project funding in preparation for the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro.
Summer (Rio 2016)
The documents will be added gradually (as of May 6, 2016).
“Fascination with the Olympics” - that's more than top athletic performance, more than records or medals. Behind this are values and ideals that are still valid today, regardless of all changes and developments in the Olympic Games.
Olympic values such as performance, respect and friendship shape sport and also play an important role in everyday life. They are fundamental for athletic competition around the globe and even drive and motivation for many athletes.
Last but not least, the values form an essential foundation of Olympism. Its founder, the French baron Pierre de Coubertin, had raised it to a philosophy of life. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) continues this legacy to this day and defines Olympism in the Olympic Charter as a “lifestyle [...] based on the joy of performance, the educational value of the good example, social responsibility and respect universally valid fundamental moral principles. "
A truly high standard, which the IOC and the respective National Olympic Committees are responsible for implementing. The DOSB's statutes also include an essential task of developing, promoting and protecting the Olympic Movement in Germany.
The DOSB has largely assigned this contract to the German Olympic Academy (DOA). The DOA deals with questions about the meaning and principle of the Olympic Movement and the Olympic Games as well as their diverse historical, political, social, economic and cultural aspects. This means a whole range of topics - from the ancient beginnings of the Games to human rights and sustainability to “Olympics at school” and much more.
The central point of orientation of their work is the "Olympic education", which is generally understood as an effective conveyance of values in and through sport and in the sense of the Olympic idea. The DOA offers corresponding events, projects and activities for children and young people as well as for adults.
These include Specific further training measures for teachers as well as teaching materials for schools presented on the occasion of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. Current topics of the Olympic movement are dealt with in various events, such as the Biebrich Castle Talks or the Olympic Sports Science Seminar, in which universities from German-speaking countries have been participating for many years.
At the German Youth Olympic Camp, which the DOA regularly organizes together with the German Sports Youth (dsj), young, successful and socially committed athletes experience a diverse program of sports, culture and education at the location of the Olympic Games.
In addition, the DOA organizes Olympic Day every year. Under the motto "Move - Learn - Discover", children and young people get to know the Olympic ideals in a playful way and "Olympic education" is lived.
More information is available on the DOA website at www.doa-info.de and on Facebook at www.facebook.de/DOAinfo
Due to regular inquiries about the use of Olympic symbols (Olympic rings, Olympic names), we would like to take this opportunity to inform you about the advertising regulations in the Olympic environment.
The legal foundations of the Olympic Movement are set out in the Olympic Charter of the International Olympic Committee (IOC). The DOSB as the NOK for Germany is fully subject to this set of rules; this also includes the binding mandate to implement the requirements regulated in the charter - including the defense against unauthorized use of Olympic symbols and terminology in the territory of the Federal Republic of Germany. The IOC and DOSB are also assigned the special legal protection of the Olympic rings and the Olympic terms through the so-called Olympic Protection Act (OlympSchG).
Therefore, please note: The exclusive right to use and exploit the Olympic rings (emblem) and the designations ("Olympia", "Olympiad", "Olympic", etc.), regardless of the wording or language, as well as the lettering the host city in connection with the year of the Olympic Games (e.g .: "PyeongChang 2018") belongs to the IOC and the DOSB according to the OlympSchG. As part of the international and national marketing program, the official partners are granted industry and product-exclusive usage rights to the Olympic logos and terms. All advertising activities in Germany that are suitable for creating an image transfer between the Olympic Movement and a third party (e.g. a company) that is not specifically authorized to do so under a license agreement, for example, represent and lead to a violation of the aforementioned provisions of the OlympSchG thereafter inevitably to take appropriate countermeasures (warning procedures) on the part of DOSB or IOC. We want to avoid the resulting problem areas and the associated risks or keep them low.
If you are a company that wants to support the DOSB or Team Germany, you will find the contact details here: www.dsm-olympia.de/engagement/deutsche-olympiamannschaft.html
During the Olympic Games, certain rules apply to the participants, which can be derived from the Olympic Charter (e.g. social media guidelines, rule 40, rule 50). For the application of rule 40, an exception procedure applies in Germany, which includes relaxation compared to the requirements of the IOC. This was recorded in a guide. This guideline is part of the current commitment decision with which the Federal Cartel Office concluded the review process opened in May 2017 regarding the individual advertising options for German athletes and their sponsors. The guideline is provisionally valid up to and including 2026.
The documents for the respective Olympic Games can be found here
- Olympic-related competitions are reserved for the official partners of the IOC / DOSB.
- Tickets for the Olympic Games are only available from the official travel partner of the DOSB and ticket agents for Germany (Dertour) that are jointly authorized by DOSB, IOC and the Organizing Committee. The BKA warns against purchasing tickets from unauthorized providers.
- Pictograms are specially created graphics that belong to the respective organizing committee. The rights are transferred to the IOC after the respective games. Information on the 1972 pictograms can be found below.
All activities (labeling of goods and services, advertising, business name, event name, etc.) in Germany that affect the market behavior of companies and do not have the permission of the IOC or DOSB represent a violation of the OlympSchG and, if the legal requirements are met thus inevitably to appropriate countermeasures, z. B. to chargeable warnings.
The following judgments have already been made against the background of the Olympic Protection Act:
The OlympiaSchG is not unconstitutional, Federal Court of Justice November 15, 2014
Inadmissible advertising with "Olympic discount" and "Olympic prizes", Schleswig-Holstein OLG 28.6.2013
A comment from "Schäfer Rechtsanwälte" on the judgment of the Schleswig-Holstein OLG from July 2nd, 2013
Interpretation of the Olympic Protection Act confirmed, OLG Düsseldorf June 25, 2013
Application violates the Olympic Protection Act, Düsseldorf Higher Regional Court, June 19, 2013
Recycling Olympics, Itzehoe Regional Court, September 27, 2012
Olympic Rings (website), Regional Court Bochum, July 19, 2012
Olympic designations, Kiel Regional Court, June 21, 2012
Olympia 2010, Düsseldorf Regional Court, May 16, 2012
Olympia Special, Regional Court Bochum, May 16, 2012l
Olympic discount, Leipzig Regional Court, 8.5.2012
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