What is excessive driving
Study on mobility in Berlin : Berliners love their bikes and run a lot
Cyclists multiply the fastest of all road users. Not just since the corona crisis, because public transport should be avoided, but for years. How much is shown by the household survey “Mobility in Cities” published by the Senate's traffic administration, in which more than 40,000 people took part in Berlin alone. Within five years, the share of cycling grew from 13 to 18 percent - an increase of five percentage points or, to put it more impressively, by almost 40 percent. In the five years before that, the share of cycling had grown from eleven to 13 percent of total traffic.
Obviously, it was mainly motorists who switched to bicycles, because the proportion of “motorized individual transport” in the distances covered fell from 30 to 26 percent. The fact that the streets have not become emptier has to do with the population growth in the city - and with the fact that the level of household equipping with cars has increased slightly in a ten-year comparison.
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Public transport kept its share in the traffic mix of Berliners constant at 27 percent, while your own feet remain the most important means of transport for Berliners at 30 percent. The values for inland traffic and traffic crossing the city limits hardly differ - if one disregards the somewhat lower pedestrian traffic from or into the surrounding area.
Most of the information requested by an institute in Leipzig in 2018 and evaluated by the Technical University of Dresden on behalf of the Senate relate to the number of distances covered, not to the distance. The administration considers the figures to be realistic: "These findings correspond to the traffic counts that are carried out in public spaces," says a report on the study, which, thanks to the large number of participants, is created for the city as a whole and for the individual districts could.
The decline in the share of car traffic affects all districts, but the mobility mix in the city center differs fundamentally from that in the suburbs. Only around 35 percent of households in Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg own at least one car. In Reinickendorf and Spandau it is around 70 percent each, in Steglitz-Zehlendorf almost as many.
It is noticeable that among the car owners, the wealthiest (“very high economic status”) drive almost twice as much as those with low or medium status, namely almost 20,000 kilometers per year. Around two thirds of all respondents have a bus stop within a five-minute walk of their home.
The participants in the survey cover an average of 3.7 journeys per day, provided they are mobile. On average, the routes are 5.9 kilometers long and take 24 minutes, which results in an average speed of almost 15 kilometers per hour. Over the entire day, the average Berliner spends 84 minutes in traffic and covers a good 20 kilometers.
It is interesting how the weather influences the choice of means of transport: While the proportion of cyclists in the worst case falls from a good 21 to almost 13 percent, pedestrian traffic remains constant at around 30 percent. The proportion of car drivers varies between 25 and 28 percent, with public transport 24 to 29 percent - the worse the weather, the more. It is also noticeable that relatively poor people use BVG and S-Bahn significantly more often or go on foot, but ride bicycles less than wealthy people. When it comes to cars alone, there is a direct connection between wealth and use across all income levels.
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