What is a good plant for the shade
This is how you create bright spots in the shadow garden
With skill and knowledge, even shady and dry places in the garden can be transformed into colorful paradises. Which perennials and flowers feel good in the shade garden?
Beautiful plants only thrive in sunny locations, while in the shade and in dry places under trees only ferns and funkias grow? That's not true. Whether fuchsia, anemone or hydrangea: Many plants also feel good in partially shaded and shady places in the garden or on the balcony.
Flowering plants for partially shaded locations
Some plants develop beautiful flowers. For example, lilies of the valley and Balkan cranesbills like to grow in the shade of old trees. Delicate flowering plants such as the bleeding heart and magnificent perennials such as the astilbe add color to the penumbra.
North sides of houses or walls are not spoiled by sunshine, but can be compared with partially shaded locations. Many plants get along very well with this location. Aruncus (goat's beard), astilbe, campanula (bluebells), hydrangea and Caucasus germander can hold their own there. Perennial larkspur also gets along well with partial shade - as a permanent bloomer, it sets colorful accents there for months.
Plants for shady locations under trees
It becomes more difficult in the shade under trees. Not only is there little incidence of light there, there is also the problem of root competition. The larger, often shady trees take up a large part of the soil volume and make it difficult for the underplanting to assert itself. But some impressive perennials are also possible for these locations.
In addition to ferns (filigree and glossy-shielded ferns are particularly suitable) and hostas, these include autumn anemones, elven flowers, lilies of the valley, almond wolf milk, stone seeds and rauling. Balkan cranesbill is also ideal. The varieties "Czakor", "Spessart" and "Ginger" are real "hunger artists", they neither need a lot of water nor a lot of nutrients and are also wintergreen. Even in the cold months they often still bear leaves.
In early spring, when light is still falling under the deciduous trees, early bloomers such as spring roses, crocuses, winterlings and scilla can be staged there.
Improve the soil under conifers
The area under conifers is problematic because it is dry, acidic and dark. The humus that arises from the needles does not form a good basis for perennials. But there is a solution to the problem: The application and incorporation of organic matter, including compost, deposited cattle and horse manure and bark mulch, increases the chance of biodiversity many times over.
Carpets made from ground cover shrubs
If larger parts of the garden are in the shade, it is advisable to plant entire carpets made of ground cover shrubs. This also means that weeds have less chance of spreading. Woodruff, dead nettle, Balkan cranesbill and funkie, among others, are suitable. Beautiful accents can be set with a record sheet, the plant with its large leaves is a typical shade plant. Many plants that are suitable for shady locations have either very large or many small leaves. This is the only way that they have enough leaf surface to carry out sufficient photosynthesis.
Shade plants also need water
It is true that the soil does not dry out as quickly in shady places as in the sun and you have to water the plants there less than in sunny locations. Nonetheless, shade plants also need water on a regular basis. If a perennial is already completely dry, only radical pruning will help. This is also recommended to rejuvenate older perennials so that they sprout again vigorously. After the cut, distribute humus garden soil around the root stock and water, fertilize with horn shavings if necessary.
Number of plants required per square meter varies
If you want the planted area to be densely overgrown as quickly as possible, you should pay attention to the required number of young plants when planting, because they spread differently. While you only need three plants for one square meter with Rauling, there are around seven for the Balkan cranesbill.
Design dark corners with decorative elements
The darker corners of a garden in particular are also ideal for using decorative elements. Light seating furniture, stones, clay figures and nicely planted zinc tubs come into their own here. This turns the rather unloved shadowy place into a real eye-catcher.
Playground for animals
In addition, shady corners in the garden are little paradises for animals. Nest boxes for birds and bats can be placed there. Trunks lying around, piled clippings and leaves are an ideal retreat for beneficial organisms such as hedgehogs, which enliven and enrich the garden in a very natural way.
Perennials for every location
Which perennial loves it sunny, which one prefers partial shade? And what is suitable for barren and dry soils? An overview with examples for different locations. more
This topic in the program:
05/10/2020 | 13:00 'O clock
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