How do you interpret Hex Dump

hexdump

function

displays files in hexadecimal, decimal, octal or ascii character format

syntax

description

reads from the standard input or from a file and outputs the individual bytes, formatted and encoded, to the standard output.

Options

the output takes place in sixteen columns of one byte each in octal representation with hexadecimal file position
the output takes place in sixteen columns of one byte each with a hexadecimal file position. Printable characters are displayed as such, non-printable characters are displayed in octal.
the output takes place in five columns of two bytes each in decimal representation with hexadecimal file position
Format string
includes the output format Format string firmly
Format file
reads the Format strings from the Format file. Each line contains one Format string, blank lines and lines whose first character is a `'are ignored.
number
only gives number Bytes off
the output takes place in six columns of two bytes each in octal representation with hexadecimal file position
number
skips number Bytes at the beginning of the input. number is a decimal number. Begins number with or if it is interpreted in hexadecimal, it begins with and is interpreted in octal. In addition, the number can be followed by one of the letters or. This makes the offset a multiple of 512 (block) 1024 (kilo) or 1048576 (mega).
shows all input lines. Typically, identical lines are replaced with a single asterisk (*).
the output takes place in eight columns of two bytes each in hexadecimal representation with hexadecimal file position